Cat breeds: Scottish Fold

Cat breeds: Scottish Fold

FIFe classification and history

Dorigo country: Scotland.
FIFe classification: /

In 1961, in Scotland, Pastor William Ross and his wife Mary, from the village of Tayside, both passionate cat lovers, noticed a white cat, Susie, with bent ears who lived on the nearby farm. At the age of two, Susie gave birth to two kittens re-presenting the same shape as the ears. The shepherd William, intrigued and fascinated by the characteristics of these cats, wanted one. They adopted Snooks, Susie's daughter, and from the crossing with a British Shorthair a splendid white male was born, named Snowball, recurring the characteristic curvature of the ears. A new breed of cats had thus consolidated in the feline world that the spouses Ross registered in 1966 with the name Scottish Fold. The adjective Fold in English means Fold, and the mutation that determines the original shape of the ears was called Folder Ear, that is Folded Ears. The selection started immediately, but unfortunately dangerous anomalies appeared, related to the mutated gene of the ears, of the type: anomalies to the tail and the joints. Great Britain made the decision to block the selection and registration by the G.C.C.F. in 1973. In 1971, Mary Ross sent some Fold copies to Neil Todd, an American geneticist from Massachusetts, who continued the selection. In order to improve joint problems he crossed the Scottish Folds with British Shorthairs, Exotic Shorthairs and American Shorthairs.
Since a Fold coupled with these breeds, leads to the birth of puppies that stand out for their temperament, strength and above all good health, this technique has been adopted by promoting the breeding and spreading of this exceptional cat. But not all puppies in a brood will have folded ears: some, called Straights, will have straight ears. These subjects are not discarded, on the contrary they are used again in the coupling with the Folds precisely because, with the exception of the ears, they have the morphological characteristics typical of the Scottish Folds. Thanks to these crossbreeds, the breed could once again be bred without fear, with the only foresight not to pair two Folds together but always with other straight-eared cats. In the years to come, the C.F.A. then the T.I.C.A. they recognized the breed, achieving great success in the United States. On the contrary, in Europe it has remained a relatively rare cat, having not been recognized by the F.I.F.E. nor by G.C.C.F. All breeds with breeds are allowed: British Shorthair and American Shorthair.

General aspect

At birth, the kittens have small ears folded forward, as in all cats, and only at two weeks, when they stand up straight in the other breeds, do they reveal the characteristic fold. Sturdy and round in all its angles, it has a medium bone covered with good musculature. His ears, bent forward, give the head a rounded appearance. The large round eyes with a very sweet appearance also participate in this characteristic. Sometimes the accentuated curve around the mouth gives the appearance of a smiling cat. The Scottish Fold is a very affectionate cat. Its tail is tapered, of medium length, but always proportionate to the body. When choosing a Scottish Fold kitten one must be very careful in checking that there are no defects causing bad health of the subject. We must therefore pay attention to the legs, there must be no hints of lack of mobility due to too short limbs; to the flexibility of the tail, this can be verified by running with your hand, slightly curved, the entire length of the tail, acting gently. If the tail has good flexibility, this arching movement can be done without causing discomfort to the cat. It requires a clean environment, adequate nutrition and an abundant dose of pampering and love.

Character

It is a loving, gentle and companion cat, who loves the presence of both humans and other animals. The female turns out to be an excellent mother. Kittens are quite early, very playful but not destructive. They are cats suitable for apartment life but do not disdain the exits in the garden, where they will know how to stand out as excellent mouse hunters. Very attached to the master, who will tend to follow everywhere. He needs companionship, so he should be left alone in the house as little time as possible. Very curious, he plays with small objects, hiding everything that attracts him. Vigorous and resistant, it tolerates low temperatures well.

Scottish Fold Blu (photo pierre.fedeli.free.fr)

Care

This tender cat must pay close attention to the cleaning of the ears, because earwax tends to accumulate in the folds, attracting parasites and dirt, giving problems of infections and lowering of hearing. The cleaning of the auricle and the folds of the ears must be carried out very delicately and with a certain constancy. The coat, short and thick, remains in good condition with a minimum of cleaning with a brush and comb. During the moulting period, it will be necessary to brush it every day by removing dead hair carefully.

Variety of color

The range of colors allowed is very wide. Among the allowed varieties are:
the Solids, in the colors: White, with blue eyes, but they are also tolerated in copper or unequal, that is, one blue and one copper, pink will be the palms of the feet and the truffle; Blue, all shades of blue are accepted, with copper-colored eyes, fingertips and blue-colored truffle; Black, uniform color from root to tip of hair, with copper-colored eyes, black fingertips and truffle; Cream, with copper-colored eyes, fingertips and pink truffle; Red, copper-colored eyes, fingertips and brick-colored truffle.
In addition to the Solid colors, it exists in the designs:
- Tabby, in the classic model, mackerek or tigrè, spotted and ticked, recognized in the colors Blue, Cream, Red, Brown, Silver and Cameo;
- Tortie (tortoise scale) in the colors Blue and Cream or Black Red and Cream;
- Smoke, in the colors Blue, Black or Cameo; Silver, shaded or chinchilla.
Colors and designs that indicate hybridization are excluded: Colorpoint, Chocolate, Lilac or the same combined with white.

Standard

Category: Short hair.
Medium build.
Body: robust and well rounded, without ever being stocky and heavy, with medium bone structure.
Coat: soft, short, thick and resistant.
Head: well rounded and wide, placed on a short but powerful neck. The cheeks are full and developed.
Eyes: large and round with sweet expression.
Nose: small with a delicate curve and a slight stop at eye level.
Ears: small, bent forward towards the bottom, as close as possible to the skull, in a hat-like position that exhibits the round skull. The tips of the ears are rounded.
Limbs: short, medium boned.
Feet: proportionate and round.
Tail: medium to long, flexible, straight, tapers towards the tip.
Penalty: Missing features; Presence of a defined depression of the nose; Bent or reduced tail; Tail lacking in flexibility due to abnormally thick vertebrae; Any evidence of disease or ill health of the cat; Color resulting from hybridization.

curated by Sara Dioguardi - www.difossombrone.it


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